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About Mestaz-Vialpando/Cordero - Robles/Salcido - White/Jones - Ring/Johannson?
Connections from America-Mexico-Iceland-Sweden-Ireland-Germany-Spain

Jose Acasio Vialpando AKA Edward Mestaz connections in Spain, Portugal, Greece, Canary 
Islands, Mexico, Native America
Maria Clementina Cordero connnections in Mexico
Frank Salcido connections in Mexico (Spain?)
Sebastiana Carrillo connections in Mexico (Spain?)
Albert Robles connections in Mexico (Spain?)
Concepcion Pompa connections in Mexico (Spain?)
Thomas Henry Jones Sr. connections in Ireland
Margaret Cannon connections in Ireland
Fred Stricker(t) connections in Germany
Augusta Shoenfeldt connections in Germany
Alfred Gustaf Ring connections in Sweden
Injibird Johnson (Johannson?)connections in Iceland

...Hernan Cortez' Conquest of the Aztec Empire, 1519-1521... 

...Hernan Cortes captured the Aztec ruler, Montezuma. Some accounts say that the 
Aztec believed that Cortes might be their god-king Quetzalcoatl, who, 
according to legend, was supposed to return that year from the east. Later, 
fearful that the Aztec would attack the outnumbered Spanish troops, Cortes 
held Montezuma hostage. In 1520, the Aztec people, growing restive under 
Spanish control, revolted. Cortes called on Montezuma to quell the revolt, but 
the Aztec ruler was stoned while addressing his subjects... 

...Juan de Oñate was from a noble Basque Spanish family that had become wealthy 
in the New World in silver mining...

...Our story began in 1595 in the city of Zacatecas, Mexico, where a young man 
named Don Juan Pérez de Oñate y Salazar lived. He was born either in 1550 or 
1552 to Don Cristóbal Oñate, a wealthy rancher and silver mine developer and 
the co-founder of Zacatecas, and his wife, Doña Catalina de Salazar. Oñate was 
one of the richest men in Zacatecas because of his family's silver mines, 
their ranches and his involvement in the lucrative Indian slave trade. He also 
married a rich woman, Isabel de Tolosa Cortés de Moctezuma, who was the 
illegitimate grand-daughter of the conqueror of New Spain, Hernán Cortés, and 
Isabel Moctezuma. Oñate and Doña Isabel produced two children, Cristóbal de 
Narriahondo Pérez Oñate y Cortés Moctezuma, and a daughter María de Oñate y 
Cortés Moctezuma... 

...Not only was Oñate a wealthy and powerful man, he also had friends in high 
places. Very high places. One such friend was Viceroy Luis de Velasco. Spanish 
Viceroys served as the King's personal representatives in New Spain. They were 
President, Governor, and Captain General of the colony; viceroys had the power 
to grant huge favors. One of those favors was to make recommendations to the 
King about who should be allowed to colonize untamed lands. In 1595, acting on 
behalf of King Felipe II, Viceroy Velasco gave permission to Oñate to lead a 
colonizing expedition into the unexplored region of New Spain called El Nuevo 
Mexico. Now a part of the United States, the name for that territory, El Nuevo 
Mexico (or New Mexico) was in common use at the time, reportedly having first 
been used in dispatches submitted in 1581 by the Franciscan Fray Agustin 
Rodriguez who led a small expedition into the area to spread the True Word of 
Christianity among the natives...

...As word circulated about the expedition, Oñate began to assemble a diverse 
group of men, women and children. They ranged from young children to a warrior 
sixty years old. They came from mainland Spain, the Canary Islands, the 
Balearic Islands, Italy, Guatemala, Portugal, Greece, and Cuba. There was one 
volunteer from Flanders as well as a few Chichimeca Indian slaves, Africans, 
quadroons, mestizos, mulattos, and fellow criollos...

...Other ambitious and adventurous men of wealth and high standing had bid for 
the right of colonizing Nuevo Mexico and did not hesitate to try to undermine 
Oñate's agreement in order to gain his rights for themselves...

...During one of the forced moves, several of Oñate's soldiers decided to rebel 
and leave the expedition to strike out for Nuevo Mexico on their own. The 
Sergeant Major of the expeditionary force, Don Juan Vicente de Zaldívar, 
Oñate's nephew, quickly quelled the mutiny by cutting off the head of the 

...Despite the many problems created by Frías, Oñate led an impressively large 
force. Reports indicate that there were about 400 men, 129 of them soldiers, 
150 of them with families and servants, and 10 Franciscans, bringing the total 
to 539 people; eighty-three ox-carts, twenty-four wagons and two of Oñate's 
personal carriages; and approximately seven thousand head of livestock. Pérez 
de Villagrá, who recorded the journey, defined the distribution of stock as 
including "oxen, a beef herd, swine, goats, donkeys, sheep, horses, and 
mules." He wrote that the moving camp spread out for three miles in length 
along the trail and was just as wide...

...In the spring of 159[*], four-hundred settlers, soldiers, their families, and 
servants assembled eighty-three carts and wagons for the trip north with seven-
thousand head of livestock. After splitting up to traverse the great sand 
dunes south of El Paso, Oñate took formal possession of the "kingdoms and 
provinces of New Mexico for King Philip II of Spain" on April 30, 159[*]. 
Oñate took a party of sixty men north to subdue the pueblos. He established 
his first headquarters at the Caypa pueblo, which he renamed San Juan, on 
August 18, 159[*]... 

...On April 30, 1598, Spanish nobleman Don Juan de Oñate and a group of settlers 
traveling northward from Zacatecas, Nueva España (now Mexico), reached the 
banks of El Rio Bravo (Rio Grande). The first recorded act of thanksgiving by 
colonizing Europeans on this continent occurred on that April day in 1598 in 
Nuevo Mexico, about 25 miles south of what is now El Paso, Texas... 

...The colonists went on to celebrate the first Thanksgiving with a grand feast 
of fish, "many cranes, ducks and geese." The rest of the day passed with song, 
foot races, and other competitive games. In the evening, all enjoyed a play, 
written by one of Oñate's captains, Marcos Farfan, which enacted happy scenes 
of the Franciscan missionaries entering the country, the Indians kneeling to 
receive them and asking to be received into the Holy Faith... 

...Juan de Oñate, New Mexico's first governor, started his journey near Parral, 
in southern Chihuahua, and crossed the Rio Grande at El Paso on May 4, 1598. 
He eventually made his way north of the present city of Santa Fe and 
established Spain's first settlement in New Mexico at San Juan de los 
Caballeros, nine years before Jamestown was settled on the New England coast 
and 78 years after the Spanish first entered Mexico...

...El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro is one of the most important legacies of the 
Spanish settlers, who arrived in New Mexico in 1598. This Royal Road to the 
Interior Land extended 1,500 miles between Mexico City and San Juan de los 
Caballeros, in the Espanola Valley north of Santa Fe. El Camino Real became a 
vital trade route linking Spain, Mexico, New Mexico and later the United 

...El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro National Historic Trail was recognized as the 
primary route between the colonial Spanish capital of Mexico City and the 
Spanish provincial capitals at San Juan de Los Caballeros (1598-1600), San 
Gabriel (1600-1609), and Santa Fe, New Mexico (1610-1821). Known as the Royal 
Road of the Interior, the national historic trail extends 404 miles from El 
Paso, Texas, to San Juan Pueblo, New Mexico... 

The Mestaz clan has roots in New Mexico that go back at least as far as 1598 
when our ancestor Pedro Robledo accompanied Onate's troops to New Mexico. 
Pedro died shortly after the Onate colony moved into what is now New Mexico. 
Pedro was a native of Maqueda, Spain (located near Madrid and Toledo). Pedro 
Robledo is our direct ancestor thus he is my 11th great grandfather from my 
fathers side of the family. We are related to several of the founders of New 
Mexico and founders of Santa Fe, the oldest capital city in the United States 
(no disrespect to the true founders of this country the Native American 
people). I have come across instances of Native Americans married into the 
family and thus in all likelihood we probably have Native American heritage 
that goes back an indeterminate amount of time.

...Diego de Vargas Zapata y Lujan Ponce de Leon y Contreras was appointed captain-
general and governor of New Mexico in 1691...

...If anything, the Spanish victory at Santa Fe strengthened the alliance between 
Vargas and don Juan de Ye. Five days later, on January 4, 1694, when the 
Indian reported a threat to his pueblo, the Spanish governor responded in good 

...When Vargas marched out of Santa Fe in February [1694] to do battle with the 
Pueblo rebels dug in on Black Mesa, an "army" of Pecos marched with him. What 
don Juan de Ye and his following hoped to gain by this close association with 
the reconquerors, besides the protection of Spanish arms and vengeance on 
Tewas and Tanos, became increasingly evident that spring. They hoped to 
restore the traditional role of their pueblo as gateway between the Rio Grande 
Valley and the plains. The Spaniards had horses and goods, and once they put 
down rebel resistance, they would impose peace. All this was good for trade... 

...Juan de Villa El Pando was a native of La Villa de Leon, and a soldier of 
Sante Fe, when he married Ana Maria Romero, Jan. 10th, 1694. His parents were 
Juan de Villa El Pando and Ursula de Olaes. He was dead by 1718, when a son of 
theirs was married; his widow was known also as "La Panda."...

...Diego de Vargas Distribution of Livestock and Supplies Santa Fe, 1 May 1697 
Juan de Villapando, Ana Romero; Catalina; 4.5 varas of lana, 3.75 of bayeta, 9 
mantas, 13 sheep, 2 cows... 

Note:  The above was taken from excerpts of other works and are not my creation.

The Mestaz (Mestas) and Vialpando (Villalpando, Pando) were friends, neighbors, and 
family in New Mexico since before 1850. The godmother of Edward Mestaz was Maria 
Manuela Mestas and her husband was Jose Manuel Duran who was probably a close relative 
of Edward's mother Maria de Jesus Duran; possibly her brother. Apparently when 
Edward fled New Mexico and was on the run he took the surname of his godmother 
and close family friends the Mestas of Northern New Mexico; hence we are the 
Mestaz (Mestas) today. The Mestas like the Vialpando have been in New Mexico 
since the 1600's.

Some of Our Early Ancestors of New Mexico:  Direct Descendants

Captain Francisco Montes Vigil 1695
Matias Lujan 1655 and his wife Francisca Romero
Pedro Sanchez de Inigo and Maria Lujan
Pedro Robledo 1598 and his wife Catalina Lopez 1598
Bartolome Romero and Luisa Lopez Robledo
Francisco Gomez before 1641 and Ana Robledo Romero 
Andres Gomez y Robledo and Juana Ortiz Baca
Simon de Abendano and Maria Ortiz
Diego de Vera before 1622 and Maria de Abendano
Hernan Martin Serrano 1598 and his wife Juana Rodriguez 1598
Luis Martin Serrano and Catalina de Salazar
Francisco Cadimo 1598
Francisca Cadimo and Geronimo Pachecho
Juan Griego 1598 and Pascuala Bernal
Juan Griego II and Juana de la Cruz
Cristobal Vaca and Ana Ortiz 1600
Pedro Gomes Duran Y Chaves and Isabel de Bohorquez Baca
Juan Bartolome (Tome) Dominguez and Elena Ramirez de Mendoza
Juan de Villa el Pando before 1694 and Ursula de Olaes

If anybody has any PHOTOS, DOCUMENTS, or STORIES that relate to EDWARD MESTAZ
and CLEMENTINA CORDERO (OR ANY FAMILY MEMBERS) I am willing to pay for any 
copies and return any originals so that I may develope my own collections of 
documents and photos. Specifically: Marriage Records, Baptism Records, Death 
Records, FAMILY PHOTOS or PORTRAITS, And anything of Interest.

Be Sure to sign the Guest Book

Joseph Mestaz

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Descendants of Vialpando (Mestaz), Jose (Edward) Acasio
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